When we use Second conditional

Second conditional
We use Second conditional for HYPOTHETICAL PRESENT situations. We say what we would do IF SOMETHING IMPOSSIBLE HAPPENED IN THE PRESENT.

An example of second conditional use in context.

The man says he wouldn’t go to the dentist if he didn’t have to using second conditional.

The man has a toothache so he has to go to the dentist.

How we form second conditional

If + past simple, would/could + verb.

Other examples of second conditional use in a sentence

  • If I had a lot of money, I would buy a new car.
  • She could be a model if she weren’t so short.
  • If we weren’t friends. I wouldn’t lend you my car.

Second conditional used with “If I were

Normally we say “I was”, “she was”, “he was” and “it was” but in second conditional we use “If I were..”, “If she were…”, “If he were…”, “If it were…”. Especially with the person “I” we must use “If I were”. “He”, “she”, “it” are optional (we can say “If she was” or “If she were”).